Paraná in figures
Paraná is one of 26 Brazilian states and is located in the country's southern region. It has borders with the states of São Paulo, Santa Catarina, and Mato Grosso do Sul; with Argentina and Paraguay; and the Atlantic Ocean. It occupies an area of 199,880 km2.
Its capital city is Curitiba, and other important cities are Londrina, Maringá, Foz do Iguaçu, Ponta Grossa, Cascavel, Guarapuava, and Paranaguá. In the Curitiba Metropolitan Area, owing to their economic importance, the two major municipalities are São José dos Pinhais and Araucária.
The state's climate varies according to the region – humid tropical to the north and humid temperate in the south.
The population is comprised of various ethnic groups: Polish, Italian, German, Ukrainian, Dutch, Spanish, Japanese, and Portuguese, and by migrants coming mostly from the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, and Minas Gerais.
1. GENERAL DATA
|Population Density (2013) (Inh./km2)||55.02|
|Number of Municipalities||399|
|Paraná’s Population (2010)||10,444,526|
|Brazil’s Population (2010)||190,755,799|
|Share within Brazilian Population (%)||5.5|
|Urban Population (2010) (%)||85.3|
|SOURCES: IPARDES, IBGE, UNDP|
|São José dos Pinhais||264.210|
|Foz do Iguaçu||256.088|
|SOURCE: IBGE - Census 2010|
2. GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)
Paraná's economy is the fourth largest in the country. Nowadays the state is responsible for 6.3% of the national GDP. In 2013, the registered per capita income was 30.3 thousand reais, above the brazilian national ratio (26.4 thousand reais).
|SOURCES: IBGE, IPARDES
(1) Preliminary estimation from Ipardes.
(2) Calculated by IBGE through quarterly national accounts.
Gross Value Added Composition
Larger Municipal Economies
The municipalities comprising the Curitiba Metropolitan Area (CMA) rank high among the state's strongest economies. Due to their dynamic industries and services, Curitiba and São José dos Pinhais are the municipalities with the highest GDP in Paraná. Outside the CMA, Londrina and Maringá stand out for their striking activity in the agribusiness and services, while Foz do Iguaçu is a reference in tourism and electric power production activities. On the coast, Paranaguá stands out for activities linked to the port.
|São José dos Pinhais||25.238.577||7.58|
|Foz do Iguaçu||9.877.010||2.97|
|SOURCES: IBGE, IPARDES|
3. ECONOMIC SECTORS
Paraná is the largest national producer of grains, with a diversified agricultural agenda. The use of advanced agricultural techniques enhances the state's productivity. Soybean, corn, wheat, and sugar-cane stand out in the productive structure, with strong improvement in other activities, such as fruit production.
Poultry meat production is the major activity in the livestock industry, accounting for 29.2% of the country's total output. In the beef and pigmeat segments, the state's market share reaches 4.2% and 19.1%, respectively .
Industrial transformation in Paraná grossed R$ 78 billion in 2013. The state's industrial sector is particularly strong in the segments of food, automotive vehicles and oil processing. These sectors account for approximately 55.4% of the state's total industrial value added output.
Paraná's gross-value added in the services sector was estimated at R$ 182,057.530 in 2013, with a strong participation of commercial, public administration, and real estate activities.
4. FOREIGN TRADE
In 2014, Paraná accounted for 7.3% of the US$ 225 billion in Brazilian exports and ranked 5th among the brazilian exporting states. As for imports, China, Argentina, Germany and United States were the major foreign suppliers, responsible for US$ 7.0 billion in products and services sold to Paraná state.